The services of the Roman Catholic Church were initially held in a wooden chapel with a canvas roof. In March 1903, the cornerstone for a church with one tower was laid. In 1931 the Church was extended as the church soon became too small for the growing congregation. The new church was consecrated on 24 April 1932, as St Mary’s Cathedral. The church’s aesthetic appearance brought about its proclamation as a National monument on 15 June 1983. The Roman Catholic Cathedral is situated between Werner List Street and Mandume Ndemufajo Avenue in the heart of Windhoek.